C#面向对象编程培训课程(Object-Oriented Programming in C# v4.0,VS 2010)

撰写人:环球培训教务部 发表日期:一月 2nd, 2011

c#面向对象编程培训课程

课程介绍:
This thorough and comprehensive five-day course is a practical introduction to programming in C#, utilizing the services provided by .NET. This course emphasizes the C# language. It is current to Visual Studio® 2010 and .NET 4.0, which introduces important new features such as dynamic data type, named and optional arguments, and the use of variance in generic interfaces. The new features are covered in a new chapter. A new supplement covers the fundamentals of Language Integrated Query (LINQ), which was introduced with .NET 3.5. This course is intended to be fully accessible to programmers who do not already have a strong background in object-oriented programming in C-like languages, such as C++ or Java™. It is ideal, for example, for Visual Basic® 6 or COBOL programmers who desire to learn C#. An important thrust of the course is to teach C# programming from an object-oriented perspective. It is often difficult for programmers trained originally in a procedural language to start “thinking in objects.” This course introduces object-oriented concepts early, and C# is developed in a way that leverages its object orientation. A case study is used to illustrate creating a complete system using C# and .NET. Besides supporting traditional object-oriented features, such as classes, inheritance, and polymorphism, C# introduces several additional features, such as properties, indexers, delegates, events, and interfaces that make C# a compelling language for developing object-oriented and component-based systems. This course provides thorough coverage of all these features. C# as a language is elegant and powerful. But to utilize its capabilities fully, you need to have a good understanding of how it works with the .NET Framework. The course explores several important interactions between C# and the .NET Framework, and it includes an introduction to major classes for collections, delegates, and events. It includes a succinct introduction to creating GUI programs using Windows Forms. The course concludes with a chapter covering the new features in C# 4.0.

培训对象:
Programmers who need to design and develop C# for the .NET framework.

预备知识:
The student should have programming experience in a high-level language.

课程内容:
1. .NET: What You Need to Know

  • Getting Started
  • .NET: What is Really Happening
  • .NET Programming in a Nutshell
  • Viewing the Assembly
  • Viewing Intermediate Language
  • Understanding .NET
  • Visual Studio 2010
  • Creating a Console Application
  • Adding a C# file
  • Using the Visual Studio Text Editor
  • IntelliSense
  • Build and Run the Project
  • Pausing the Output
  • Visual C# and GUI Programs
  • .NET Documentation

2. First C# Programs

  • Hello, World
  • Compiling, Running (Command Line)
  • Program Structure
  • Namepsaces
  • Variables
  • Expressions
  • Assignment
  • Calculations Using C#
  • More About Output in C#
  • Input in C#
  • More About Classes
  • InputWrapper Class
  • Echo Program
  • Using InputWrapper
  • Compiling Multiple Files
  • Multiple Files in Visual Studio
  • The .NET Framework

3. Data Types in C#

  • Strong Typing
  • Typing in C#
  • Typing in C++
  • Typing in Visual Basic 6
  • C# Types
  • Integer Types
  • Integer Type Range
  • Integer Literals
  • Floating Point Types
  • Floating Point Literals
  • IEEE Standard for Floating Point
  • Decimal Type
  • Decimal Literals
  • Character Type
  • Character Literals
  • string
  • Escape Characters
  • Boolean Type
  • Implicit Conversions
  • Explicit Conversions
  • Nullable Types

4. Operators and Expressions

  • Operator Cardinality
  • Arithmetic Operators
  • Multiplication
  • Division
  • Additive Operators
  • Increment and Decrement
  • Relational Operators
  • Conditional Logical Operators
  • Short-Circuit Evaluation
  • Ternary Conditional Operators
  • Bitwise Operators
  • Bitwise Logical Operators
  • Bitwise Shift Operators
  • Assignment Operators
  • Expressions
  • Precedence
  • Associativity
  • Checking

5. Control Structures

  • If Test
  • Blocks
  • Loops
  • while Loop
  • do while Loops
  • for Loops
  • Arrays
  • foreach Loop
  • break
  • continue
  • goto
  • Structure Programming
  • Multiple Methods
  • switch
  • switch in C# and C/C++

6. Object-Oriented Programming

  • Objects
  • Objects in the Real World
  • Object Models
  • Reusable Software Components
  • Objects in Software
  • State and Behavior
  • Abstraction
  • Encapsulation
  • Classes
  • Inheritance Concepts
  • Relationships among Classes
  • Polymorphism
  • Object-Oriented Analysis and Design
  • Use Cases
  • CRC Cards and UML

7. Classes

  • Classes as Structure Data
  • Classes and Objects
  • References
  • Instantiating and Using an Object
  • Assigning Object References
  • Garbage Collection
  • Methods
  • Public and Private
  • Abstraction
  • Encapsulation
  • Initialization
  • Initialization with Constructors
  • Default Constructor
  • this
  • Static Fields and Methods
  • Static Methods
  • Static Constructor
  • Constant and Readonly Fields

8. More about Types

  • Overview of Types in C#
  • Structures
  • Uninitialized Variables
  • Coping a Structure
  • Hotel.cs
  • HotelCopy.cs
  • Classes and Structs
  • Enumeration Types
  • Reference Types
  • Class Types
  • object
  • string
  • Arrays
  • Default Values
  • Boxing and Unboxing
  • Implicitly Types Variables

9. Methods, Properties, and Operators

  • Static and Instance Methods
  • Method Parameters
  • No “Freestanding” Functions in C#
  • Classes with All Static Methods
  • Parameter Passing
  • Parameter Terminology
  • Value Parameters
  • Reference Parameters
  • Output Parameters
  • Structure Parameters
  • Class parameters
  • Method Overloading
  • Modifiers as Part of the Signature
  • Variable Length Parameter Lists
  • Properties
  • Auto-Implemented Properties
  • Operator Overloading
  • Operator Overloading in the Class
  • Library

10. Characters and Strings

  • Characters
  • Character Codes
  • ASCII and Unicode
  • Escape Sequences
  • Strings
  • String Class
  • String Literals and Initialization
  • Concatenation
  • Index
  • Relational Operators
  • String Equality
  • String Comparisons
  • String Input
  • String Methods and Properties
  • StringBuilder Class
  • StringBuilder Equality
  • Command Line Arguments
  • Command Line Arguments in the IDE
  • Command Loops
  • Splitting a String

11. Arrays and Indexers

  • Arrays
  • One Dimensional Arrays
  • System.Array
  • Random Number Generation
  • Next Methods
  • Jagged Arrays
  • Rectangular Arrays
  • Arrays as Collections
  • Bank Case Study: Step 1
  • Account Class
  • Bank .Class
  • TestBank Class
  • Atm Class
  • Running the Case Study
  • Indexers
  • Using the Indexer

12. Inheritance

  • Inheritance Fundamentals
  • Inheritance in C#
  • Root Class – object
  • Access Control
  • Public Class Accessibility
  • Internal Class Accessibility
  • Member Accessibility
  • Member Accessibility Qualifiers
  • Method Hiding
  • Method Hiding and Overriding
  • Initialization
  • Initialization Fundamentals
  • Default Constructor
  • Overloaded Constructors
  • Invoking Base Class Constructors
  • Bank Case Study: Step 2
  • Bank Case Study Analysis
  • Account
  • CheckingAccount
  • SavingsAccount
  • TestAccount
  • Running the Case Study

13. Virtual Methods and Polymorphism

  • Introduction to Polymorphism
  • Abstract and Sealed Classes
  • Virtual Methods and Dynamic Binding
  • Type Conversions in Inheritance
  • Converting Down the Hierarchy
  • Converting Up the Hierarchy
  • Virtual Methods
  • Virtual Method Cost
  • Method overriding
  • The Fragile Base Class Problem
  • override Keyword
  • Polymorphism
  • Polymorphism Using “Type Tags”
  • Polymorphism Using Virtual
  • Abstract Classes
  • Sealed Classes
  • Heterogeneous Collections
  • Bank Case Study: Step 3
  • Case Study Classes
  • Run the Case Study
  • Account
  • CheckingAccount, SavingsAccount
  • Bank and Atm
  • TestBank

14. Formatting and Conversion

  • Introduction to Formatting
  • ToString
  • ToString in Your Own Class
  • Using Placeholders
  • Format String
  • Controlling Width
  • Format String
  • Currency
  • String.Format
  • PadLeft and PadRight
  • Bank Case Study: Step 4
  • Type Conversions
  • Conversion of Built-In Types

15. Exceptions

  • Introduction to Exceptions
  • Exception Fundamentals
  • .NET Exception Handling
  • Exception Flow of Control
  • Context and Stack Unwinding
  • System.Exception
  • User-Defined Exception Classes
  • Structure Exception Handling
  • Family Block
  • Bank Case Study: Step 5
  • Inner Exceptions
  • Checked Integer Arithmetic

16. Interfaces

  • Interfaces in C#
  • Interface Inheritance
  • Programming with Interfaces
  • Implementing Interfaces
  • Using an Interface
  • Dynamic Use of Interfaces
  • is Operator
  • as Operator
  • Bank Case Study: Step 6
  • Common Interfaces in Case Study –
  • IAccount
  • Apparent Redundancy
  • IStatement
  • IStatement Methods
  • IChecking
  • ISavings
  • The Implementation
  • SavingsAccount
  • The Client
  • Resolving Ambiguity
  • Access Modifier

17. .NET Interfaces and Collections

  • Collections
  • Count and Capacity
  • foreach Loop
  • Array Notation
  • Adding to the List
  • Remove Method
  • RemoveAt Method
  • Collection Interfaces
  • IEnumerable and IEnumerator
  • ICollection
  • IList
  • A Collection of User-Defined Objects
  • Duplicate Objects
  • A Correction to AccountList (Step 1)
  • Bank Case Study: Step 7
  • Copy Semantics and ICloneable
  • Copy Semantics in C#
  • Shallow Copy and Deep Copy
  • Reference Copy
  • Memberwise Clone
  • Using ICloneable
  • Comparing Objects
  • Sorting an Array
  • Anatomy of Array.Sort
  • Using the is Operator
  • The Use of Dynamic Type Checking
  • Implementing IComparable
  • Running the Program
  • Complete Solution
  • Writing Generic Code
  • Using a Class of object
  • Generic Types
  • Generic Syntax in C#
  • Generic Client Code
  • System.Collections.Generic
  • Object Initializers
  • Collection Initializers
  • Anonymous Types

18. Delegates and Events

  • Overview of Delegates and Events
  • Callbacks and Delegates
  • Usage of Delegates
  • Declaring a Delegate
  • Defining a Method
  • Creating a Delegate Object
  • Calling a Delegate
  • A Random Array
  • Anonymous Methods
  • Combining Delegate Objects
  • Account.cs
  • DelegateAcount.cs
  • Lambda Expressions
  • Named Method
  • Events
  • Events in C# and .NET

19. Introduction to Windows Forms

  • Creating a Windows Forms App
  • Partial Classes
  • Windows Forms Event Handling
  • Add Events for a Control
  • Events Documentation
  • Closing a Form
  • ListBox Control

20. New Features in C#

  • dynamic Type
  • dynamic versus object
  • Behavior of object
  • Behavior of dynamic
  • Names Arguments
  • Optional Arguments
  • Book Class
  • Using Optional Arguments
  • Automating Office with C# 4.0
  • Automating Excel
  • Automating Word
  • Variance in Generic Interfaces
  • Variance with IComparer
  • Interfaces with Variance Support

培训时间:
5天。

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