Oracle 11g数据库管理(Oracle 11g Database Administration)

撰写人:环球培训教务部 发表日期:三月 29th, 2011

oracle认证培训

课程简介:
This class will develop the key fundamental skills necessary to be an Oracle® DBA. Students will design and create a server using the Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA), configure logical and physical structures, set up database and user security, add and administer users, and monitor and tune main server areas. Each student will create a toolkit of administration scripts for database management and tuning by the end of this class.

培训对象:
Non-Oracle database administrators, application developers, and system administrators.

预备知识:
Introduction to Oracle 11g, or at least six months working in an Oracle technical environment.
An understanding of relational database concepts, SQL, and PL/SQL programming skills are required.
A solid understanding of Oracle schema is recommended.

培训时间:
5 days

课程内容:
1. Overview of Oracle Database

  • ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID
  • The Oracle Database vs. The Oracle
  • Instance
  • Instance Memory Structures
  • Background Processes
  • Server Processes
  • Datafiles
  • Blocks, Extents, and Segments
  • Control Files
  • Redo Logs
  • The Oracle Architecture
  • SYS and SYSTEM Users

2. Starting and Shutting Down an Oracle

  • Database
  • SYSDBA and SYSOPER System
  • Privileges
  • Oracle Database Startup
  • Oracle Database Shutdown
  • Altering Database Availability
  • Suspending and Resuming a Database
  • Quiescing a Database
  • Tracking Database Activity – The Alert Log
  • Data Dictionary Views for Startup and Shutdown

3. Using the Oracle Data Dictionary

  • Introducing the Data Dictionary
  • DBA, ALL, and USER Data Dictionary Views
  • V$ Dynamic Performance Views
  • Using Oracle Documentation to Locate
  • Data Dictionary Views
  • Combining Data Dictionary Views

4. Oracle Database Users and Schemas

  • Users and Schemas
  • Oracle Default Database Users
  • Oracle Sample Schemas
  • Creating Users
  • Altering and Dropping Users
  • Data Dictionary Views For Users

5. Oracle System Privileges

  • Overview of System Privileges
  • Granting and Revoking System
  • Privileges
  • Data Dictionary Views for System
  • Privileges
  • Roles
  • Creating and Removing Roles
  • Data Dictionary Views for Roles
  • Predefined Roles
  • User Group PUBLIC

6. Parameter Files

  • Oracle Database Parameters
  • The Parameter File (PFILE) and the Server Parameter File (SPFILE)
  • Dynamic vs. Static Parameters
  • Determining Current Parameter Settings
  • Benefits of SPFILEs over PFILEs
  • Creating an SPFILE from a PFILE and
  • Back Again
  • Understanding Scope
  • Session-Level Parameters
  • Data Dictionary Views for Parameters

7. Datafiles and Tablespaces

  • Datafiles Overview
  • Tablespaces Overview
  • SYSTEM and SYSAUX Tablespaces
  • Creating Tablespaces
  • Dictionary- and Locally Managed Tablespaces
  • Locally Managed Tablespace Extent Allocation
  • Temporary Tablespaces
  • Temporary Tablespace Groups
  • Default Tablespaces
  • Tablespace Quotas
  • Dropping and Altering a Tablespace
  • Renaming a Tablespace
  • Renaming or Relocating Datafiles
  • Bigfile Tablespaces
  • Data Dictionary Views for Datafiles and Tablespaces

8. Control Files

  • Control Files Overview
  • Database Parameters for Control Files
  • Backing Up Control Files
  • Restoring Control Files from Multiplexed Copies
  • Restoring Control Files from Backups
  • Moving Control Files
  • Data Dictionary Views for Control Files

9. Oracle Physical Structures — Online

  • Redo Logs
  • Redo
  • Redo Log Files
  • Database Parameters for Redo
  • Sizing the Redo Log Files
  • How Many Redo Log Groups?
  • Creating Redo Logs
  • Removing Redo Logs
  • Renaming Redo Log Files
  • Forcing Log Switches
  • Archiving Redo Logs
  • Configuring Archive Log Mode
  • Database Parameters for Archiving
  • Data Dictionary Views for Redo Logs

10. Oracle Physical Structures — Undo Segments

  • Undo Overview
  • Database Parameters for Undo
  • Creating Undo Tablespaces
  • Altering and Dropping Undo Tablespaces
  • Switching Undo Tablespaces
  • Undo Advisor
  • Data Dictionary Views for Undo

11. Segment Space Management

  • Blocks, Extents and Segments
  • Segment Space Management
  • Fragmentation
  • Coalescing Fragmented Space
  • Row Migration and Chaining
  • Manual Segment Space Usage
  • Automatic Segment Space Management
  • Data Dictionary Views for Physical Objects

12. Tables

  • Tables Overview
  • Physical Properties of Tables
  • Creating Tables
  • Table Storage and Logging
  • Altering Tables
  • Dropping Tables
  • The Recycle Bin
  • The TRUNCATE COMMAND
  • Temporary Tables
  • Clustered Tables
  • Indexed-Organized Tables
  • Creating an IOT
  • Data Dictionary Views for Tables

13. Indexes

  • Indexes
  • B-tree Indexes
  • NULL Values and Indexes
  • NULL Values and Unique Indexes
  • Creating Indexes
  • Monitoring Index Usage
  • Dropping Indexes
  • Rebuilding and Moving Indexes
  • Coalescing Indexes
  • Bitmap Indexes
  • Special Index Types
  • Index Key Compression
  • Data Dictionary Views for Indexes

14. Constraints

  • Integrity Constraints
  • Constraint Names and Syntax
  • Constraint Checking
  • Managing Primary Key Constraints
  • Managing NOT NULL Constraints
  • Managing Check Constraints
  • Managing Foreign Key Constraints
  • Data Dictionary Views for Constraints

15. Views

  • Views
  • Creating and Replacing Views
  • Data Dictionary Views for Views
  • Security Through Views
  • Altering and Dropping Views
  • Dependencies and Views
  • Updating Data Through Views

16. Object Privileges

  • Object Privileges
  • Granting and Revoking Object Privileges
  • Using WITH GRANT OPTION
  • Revoking and the GRANT OPTION
  • Data Dictionary Views for Object Privileges

17. Synonyms

  • Synonyms
  • Private and Public Synonyms
  • Creating and Dropping Synonyms
  • Security and Synonyms
  • Object Precedence

18. The Optimizer and Statistics

  • Optimizer Overview
  • Optimizer Statistics
  • Data Dictionary Views and Statistics
  • Collecting Statistics
  • Removing Statistics
  • Automated Statistics Collection

19. Oracle Net Services

  • Oracle Networking Explained
  • The Net Configuration Assistant
  • Configuring the Listener — GUI
  • Configuring the Listener — Manually
  • Configuring the Client — GUI
  • Configuring the Client — Manually

20. Data Pump

  • Oracle Data Pump Architecture
  • Configuring for Data Pump
  • Command-Line Utilities
  • Exporting With expdp
  • Importing With impdp
  • Interactive Mode
  • Attaching to a Running Job
  • Parallel Data Pump
  • Data Dictionary Views for Data Pump

21. SQL*Loader and External Tables

  • SQL*Loader
  • SQL*Loader Control File
  • Loading Data with SQL*Loader
  • Conventional vs. Direct Path Loads
  • External Tables Overview
  • Creating an External Table
  • Creating a Writable External Table

22. Back Up Your Database

  • Physical Backups vs. Logical Backups
  • Offline Backup Basics
  • Oracle Offline Backup Steps
  • Other Backup Considerations
  • Advanced Backup Concepts
  • RMAN

23. Recover Your Database

  • Offline Recovery Basics
  • Restoration Using Offline Backups for a NOARCHIVE Database
  • Restoring Other Files
  • Other Recovery Considerations

24. Oracle Enterprise Manager

  • Introducing Oracle Enterprise Manager
  • OEM Architecture and Physical Structure
  • Installing OEM When Using DBCA
  • Using EMCA to Install OEM
  • Managing OEM
  • Removing OEM
  • Troubleshooting OEM
  • Securing OEM
  • Starting OEM
  • Introducing the OEM Home Pages
  • Using OEM — Managing the Job Scheduler
  • Using OEM — Using Metrics, Alerts, and Thresholds
  • Automatic Workload Repository
  • The Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor — ADDM
  • OEM and Advisors
  • The SQL Access Advisor

25. Appendix A – Installing Oracle Software

  • Optimal Flexible Architecture
  • OFA Directory Layouts
  • The Oracle Universal Installer
  • OUI Installation Modes
  • Preparing To Install Software
  • Starter Database
  • Installing the Oracle Software
  • De-installing Oracle Software

26. Appendix B – Creating a Database Using the DBCA

  • The DBCA
  • Select a Database Template
  • Specify the Database Name
  • Set System Account Passwords
  • Specify File Locations
  • Install Sample Schemas
  • Security Settings
  • Automatic Maintenance Tasks
  • Specify Storage Parameters
  • Create Your Oracle Database
  • Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
  • Configure the Listener
  • Set TCP Parameters
  • Removing a Database with the DBCA

27. Appendix C – Manual Database Creation

  • Manual Database Creation
  • Prepare the System
  • Creating the Parameter File
  • The CREATE DATABASE Statement
  • Manually Create the Database
  • Finalizing the Creation
  • SQL.BSQ File
  • Creating the Service on Windows

28. Appendix D – Auditing the Database

  • Auditing Explained
  • Data Dictionary Views for Auditing
  • Audit Trail, OS, and DB
  • Statement Auditing
  • Privilege Auditing
  • Object Auditin
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